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Headlines Tagged with Nicotine 7,142 headlines found

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Efficacy of Pharmacotherapy for Smoking Cessation in Adolescent Smokers: A Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

The current meta-analysis suggests that pharmacotherapy can be considered as an aid for smoking cessation in the short-term period among adolescent smokers. However, further large RCTs are warranted to determine its long-term efficacy and safety.
Nicotine and Tobacco Research
added Aug 28, 2018 18:37
8 Views

Reduced-Risk Warnings versus the U.S. FDA-Mandated Addiction Warning: The Effects of E-Cigarette Warning Variations on Health Risk Perceptions

findings show that overall health risk perceptions and addiction risk perceptions based on the addiction warning are greater than risk perceptions based on the reduced-risk warnings. In contrast, specific disease-related risk perceptions, such as cancer a
Nicotine and Tobacco Research
added Aug 28, 2018 18:36
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Researchers develop potential drugs to help curb smoking

Washington State University researchers have created more than a dozen candidate drugs with the potential to curb smokers' desire for nicotine by slowing how it is broken down in the body. The researchers hope the substances can help people reduce their c
Medical Xpress (PhysOrg.com)
added Aug 28, 2018 14:23
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Smoking and HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa: A 25 Country Analysis of the Demographic Health Surveys

Having HIV was associated with a greater likelihood of smoking cigarettes as well as with using smokeless tobacco in sub-Saharan Africa. These tobacco use modalities were also associated with male sex and lower socioeconomic status
Nicotine and Tobacco Research
added Aug 28, 2018 05:17
2 Views

[Minnesota] Adverse Childhood Experiences and Youth Cigarette Use in 2013 and 2016: Emerging Disparities in the Context of Declining Smoking Rates

we examine adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) ... Cigarette use declined from 2013 to 2016 for all Minnesota youth, but the decline among youth with no ACEs was faster than among youth with ACEs. Youth with ACEs now account for an increasingly high per
Nicotine and Tobacco Research
added Aug 28, 2018 05:14
6 Views

Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor Agonists for the Treatment of Alzheimer’s Dementia: An Update

nAChRs have consistently presented a promising theoretical use in the treatment of AD; however, trials thus far have been complicated by adverse effects or minimal improvement. This review will provide an update on several pharmacological nAChR agonists t
Nicotine and Tobacco Research
added Aug 26, 2018 21:05
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Novel Mineral-Vitamin Treatment for Reduction in Cigarette Smoking: A Fully-Blinded Randomized Placebo-controlled Trial

Treatments that are safe, effective, relatively inexpensive, and readily available are needed and micronutrient supplements offer one such possible alternative.
Nicotine and Tobacco Research
added Aug 26, 2018 21:04
5 Views

Possible New Symptoms of Tobacco Withdrawal II: Anhedonia A Systematic Review

abstinence appears to increase anticipatory anhedonia. It is unclear if abstinence decreases consummatory or reward learning-based anhedonia. Further studies of anhedonia in clinical settings are needed a) to estimate the reliability and clinical signific
Nicotine and Tobacco Research
added Aug 26, 2018 21:03
2 Views

An experimental feasibility study of a hybrid telephone counseling/text messaging intervention for post-discharge cessation support among hospitalized smokers in Brazil

This hybrid telephone/text intervention should progress to full-scale effectiveness testing as it achieved favorable outcomes, was acceptable to participants, and was readily implemented. This type of intervention has strong potential for expanding the r
Nicotine and Tobacco Research
added Aug 26, 2018 21:02
3 Views

Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor Ligands, Cognitive Function, and Preclinical Approaches to Drug Discovery

The preclinical literature continues to grow in support of the development of nAChR ligands for a variety of illnesses that affect humans. However, to date, no new nAChR ligand has been approved for any condition other than nicotine dependence. As discus
Nicotine and Tobacco Research
added Aug 26, 2018 21:00
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