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Headlines Tagged with Mental Health/Neurology 3,979 headlines found

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Changes in tobacco consumption in cannabis dependent patients with schizophrenia versus non-psychiatric controls during 28-days of cannabis abstinence

Findings suggest transient tobacco substitution for cannabis in patients with schizophrenia. This provides further support for a strong association between cannabis and tobacco in schizophrenia. Future studies should focus on targeting underlying mechani
Drug and Alcohol Dependence
added Apr 5, 2018 04:11
3 Views

Cigarette craving and stressful social interactions: The roles of state and trait social anxiety and smoking to cope

Smokers high in SA (state and trait) and smoking to cope with symptoms of SA may be at risk for continued smoking and relapse because of the intensity of cravings they experience during stressful social situations.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence
added Apr 5, 2018 03:44
3 Views

Cigarette cues capture attention of smokers and never-smokers, but for different reasons

These data suggest that cigarette-related cues capture attentional resources of both SMO and NEV, but for different reasons. For SMO, cigarette-related cues have acquired motivational significance through repeated associations with nicotine delivery, whe
Drug and Alcohol Dependence
added Apr 5, 2018 03:42
3 Views

E-cigarette use and quantity of cigarette smoking among adolescent cigarette smokers: A finite mixture model analysis

suggest that the significant association between e-cigarette use and quantity of cigarette smoking may be driven by patterns of use among experimental or beginner smokers.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence
added Apr 5, 2018 03:38
2 Views

Impulsivity related personality traits and cigarette smoking in adults: A meta-analysis using the UPPS-P model of impulsivity and reward sensitivity

suggest that impulsivity is associated with an increased likelihood of being a smoker and greater nicotine dependence. Specific impulsivity-related traits differentially relate to smoking status and severity of nicotine dependence. Understanding the compl
Drug and Alcohol Dependence
added Apr 5, 2018 03:35
10 Views

Are Electronic Cigarettes an Effective Aid to Smoking Cessation or Reduction Among Vulnerable Groups? A Systematic Review of Quantitative and Qualitative Evidence

Smoking prevalence among people with mental illness, substance misuse, homelessness or criminal justice system involvement remains high. E-cigarettes could support cessation. This systematic review found limited quantitative evidence assessing effectiven
Nicotine and Tobacco Research
added Mar 30, 2018 19:17
7 Views

Scientists develop new tool to study nicotine receptors

A team of scientists has developed a new technique to better understand the effects of nicotine on the brain. In a study published in Nature Methods, the investigators described the creation of a novel light-activated nicotine compound, which will allow s
Medical Xpress (PhysOrg.com)
added Mar 29, 2018 03:17
5 Views

Understanding Smokers' Daily Routines Key to Better Quit Rates

Yach came under harsh criticism last year...the Foundation is highlighting results from its State of Smoking 2018 survey of more than 17,000 current and former smokers in 13 countries, which show that smoking behavior is deeply embedded in the daily ritua
Medical Tribune
added Mar 29, 2018 02:22
2 Views

Cognitive risk factors of electronic and combustible cigarette use in adolescents

those who used any tobacco product perceived e-cigarettes as less harmful when compared to abstainers. Individual facets of perceived harm (addiction potential and harm vs. cigarettes) differ between cigarette only users and e-cigarette users and may help
Addictive Behaviors
added Mar 26, 2018 15:05
5 Views

Using Neuroscience to Inform Tobacco Control Policy

Neuroscience techniques can provide more objective evidence of the impacts of policy measures, allow investigation where it is not possible to conduct behavioural manipulations and facilitate a deeper understanding of the cognitive mechanisms underlying
Nicotine and Tobacco Research
added Mar 26, 2018 14:56
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