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Headlines Tagged with Mental Health/Neurology 3,795 headlines found

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ARCHIVE: Scientific Research and Corporate Influence: Smoking, Mental Illness, and the Tobacco Industry

This paper explores the evolution of tobacco industry interest in smoking and mental illness and the multiple levels on which the influence of industry affected questions and answers about mentally ill smokers.8 Industry scientists first became aware of
Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
added Aug 24, 2017 16:40
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The Influence of Peer Behavior as a Function of Social and Cultural Closeness: A Meta-Analysis of Normative Influence on Adolescent Smoking Initiation and Continuation.

both individual as well as population level dynamics play a critical role in the strength of peer influence. Accounting for cultural variables may be especially important given effects on both initiation and continuation. Implications for theory, research
Psychological Bulletin
added Aug 22, 2017 14:53
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Cigarette smoking is associated with amplified age-related volume loss in subcortical brain regions

• Smokers showed greater age-related subcortical brain volume loss than non-smokers. • In these adults, 22–70 years of age, older smokers showed the most volume loss. • Subcortical white matter (WM), thalamus, cerebellar cortex, and corpus callosum were
Drug and Alcohol Dependence
added Aug 19, 2017 00:07
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Co-occurrence of tobacco product use, substance use, and mental health problems among adults: Findings from Wave 1 (2013–2014) of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study [FREE FULL TEXT]

This nationally representative study of U.S. adults is the first to comprehensively document tobacco use, substance use, and mental health comorbidities across the range of currently available tobacco products, while also demonstrating that female tobacco
Drug and Alcohol Dependence
added Aug 19, 2017 00:00
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[Asia] Development and validation of a smoking rationalization scale for male smokers in China [FREE FULL TEXT]

Results found a 26-item scale within six dimensions (smoking functional beliefs, risk generalization beliefs, social acceptability beliefs, safe smoking beliefs, self-exempting beliefs, and quitting is harmful beliefs). The scale showed acceptable validit
Journal of Health Psychology
added Aug 1, 2017 18:06
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[France] Smoking may increase sensitivity to social stress: Study

Researchers found that exposure to nicotine, rather than withdrawal from it, which is commonly seen as anxiety-inducing in smokers, produced a stressing effect on lab mice, reports Efe news. “(The experiments) suggest that nicotine could enhance the effec
Financial Express (in)
added Jul 26, 2017 14:27
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ARCHIVE: Citation Bias in Reported Smoking Prevalence in People with Schizophrenia

Studies reporting very high prevalence of smoking among people with schizophrenia are cited more often than those studies reporting a low prevalence, a result consistent with citation bias. This citation bias probably contributes to the misinformation ava
Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
added Jul 23, 2017 20:07
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Does Stress Worsen Chemical Harms in Pregnancy?

The strongest connection involved smoking. High-stress women who smoked were about twice as likely to have a low birth weight baby as low-stress smokers, the researchers said in a UC Berkeley news release. Babies who are small for their gestational age
HealthDay [HealthScout]
added Jul 13, 2017 00:42
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Biological and psychological factors associated with smoking abstinence six years post-stroke

Intention of change, having the disruption criteria, and abstinence one year after stroke were predictors of abstinence at 6 years. An insular lesion in the acute phase of stroke does not determine the tobacco use status at six years.
Nicotine and Tobacco Research
added Jul 6, 2017 16:13
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What is the impact of e-cigarette adverts on children's perceptions of tobacco smoking? An experimental study [FREE FULL TEXT]

first evidence that exposure to e-cigarette adverts might influence children's perceptions of smoking tobacco cigarettes, reducing their perceived harm of occasional smoking. These results suggest the potential for e-cigarette adverts to undermine tobacco
Tobacco Control
added Jun 30, 2017 14:58
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