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Headlines Tagged with Health/Science 73,306 headlines found

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Secondhand smoke still a problem for Americans: CDC

It’s a proven danger, and exposure rates have been plummeting over the years -- until now. In 1988, 87 percent of people were exposed to secondhand smoke; in 2011 it was only 25 percent. But according to the CDC’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, p
ABC News
added Dec 7, 2018 12:28
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Millions of Americans Still Breathing Secondhand Smoke: Report

Despite three decades of declines in secondhand smoke exposure, 58 million Americans -- children included -- are still breathing in tobacco fumes, federal health officials reported Thursday. Nearly 40 percent of children aged 3 to 11 are exposed to seco
HealthDay [HealthScout]
added Dec 7, 2018 12:28
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CDC: 58M Americans exposed to secondhand smoke

The data, gathered from 2013 to 2014, show that progress in reducing the public’s exposure to secondhand smoke has stalled in recent years, despite major declines in past decades.
The Hill
added Dec 7, 2018 12:28
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Acute Effects of Smoked and Vaporized Cannabis in Healthy Adults Who Infrequently Use Cannabis

Vaporized and smoked cannabis produced dose-orderly drug effects, which were stronger when vaporized. These data can inform regulatory and clinical decisions surrounding the use of cannabis among adults with little or no prior cannabis exposure.
Substance Use and Addiction
added Dec 7, 2018 12:27
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An improved model of ethanol and nicotine co-use in female P rats: Effects of naltrexone, varenicline, and the selective nicotinic α6β2* antagonist r-bPiDI

These results indicate that increasing the “price” of nicotine increases EtOH intake during co-use. Additionally, the efficacy of naltrexone, varenicline, and r-bPiDI was specific to either EtOH or nicotine, with no efficacy for co-use. Nevertheless, fut
Science Direct
added Dec 7, 2018 12:27
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Propylene glycol, a major electronic cigarette constituent, attenuates the adverse effects of high-dose nicotine as measured by intracranial self-stimulation in rats

• We tested the abuse-related effects of propylene glycol (PG) alone or PG + nicotine. • PG alone did not affect intracranial self-stimulation (ICSS) thresholds. • PG did not alter nicotine’s reinforcement-enhancing (threshold-lowering) effects. • PG
Science Direct
added Dec 7, 2018 12:27
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Development and validation of a virtual agent to screen tobacco and alcohol use disorders

In this study, we present the acceptability and validity of an Embodied Conversational Agent (ECA) designed to screen tobacco and alcohol use disorder / • The virtual agent screens tobacco and alcohol use disorder in patients. • The virtual agent has a
Drug and Alcohol Dependence
added Dec 7, 2018 12:27
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[Australia, Canada, UK, USA] Keeping smoking affordable in higher tax environments via smoking thinner roll-your-own cigarettes: Findings from the International Tobacco Control Four Country Survey 2006–15

Taxation of RYO should increase considerably in the UK and Australia so that RYO and FM cigarettes are taxed equivalently to reduce RYO attractiveness and inequalities. Other measures to reduce the price differentials, including taxing RYO solely on weig
Drug and Alcohol Dependence
added Dec 7, 2018 12:27
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Smokers with bipolar disorder, other affective disorders, and no mental health conditions: Comparison of baseline characteristics and success at quitting in a large 12-month behavioral intervention randomized trial

Smokers with BD and other ADs had similar long-term quit rates despite numerous differences in baseline characteristics. Despite being lower than for smokers without MHCs, long-term quit rates from web-based treatment are promising for smokers with BD as
Drug and Alcohol Dependence
added Dec 7, 2018 12:27
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Magnitude and Chronicity of Environmental Smoke Exposure Across Infancy and Early Childhood in a Sample of Low-Income Children [FREE FULL TEXT]

Young children from low-income, nonurban communities appear to bear a higher burden of secondhand smoke exposure than previous studies have reported. Results contribute to understanding populations at greater risk, as well as specific, potentially mallea
Nicotine and Tobacco Research
added Dec 7, 2018 06:14
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