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Headlines Tagged with Genes 1,636 headlines found

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[Pennsylvania] Smoking-Linked Cancer Mutations Mapped

A comprehensive survey of mutations likely caused by carcinogens found in tobacco smoke by researchers at the Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, and their colleagues was published today (November 3) in Scie
The Scientist
added Nov 3, 2016 21:17
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Mutational signatures mark cancer's smoking gun

A broad computational study of cancer genome sequences identifies telltale mutational signatures associated with smoking tobacco and demonstrates, for the first time, that smoking increases cancer risk by causing somatic mutations in tissues directly and
EurekAlert
added Nov 3, 2016 21:17
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A Genetic Epidemiological Mega Analysis of Smoking Initiation in Adolescents

This is the first study to find evidence of genetic factors in liability to smoking initiation at ages as young as 12. It also shows the strongest evidence to date for decay of effects of the shared environment from early adolescence to young adulthood. W
Nicotine and Tobacco Research
added Nov 5, 2016 22:07
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The mutagenic assessment of an electronic-cigarette and reference cigarette smoke using the Ames assay in strains TA98 and TA100 [FREE FULL TEXT]

This study has investigated the mutagenic potential of a commercially available e-cigarette (Vype® ePen, Nicoventures, UK), compared to reference cigarette smoke (3R4F), in tester strains TA98 and TA100 using two different exposure scenarios. Firstly, pa
Mutation Research/Genetic Toxicology And Environmental Mutagenis
added Nov 8, 2016 19:08
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Understanding the role of genes in smoking addiction, nicotine withdrawal

While there isn't one explanation for why it is so difficult to quit smoking or why some people are successful and others are not, understanding genetics may be one piece of the puzzle, Gould said. "I realized in addition to studying the effects of nicot
Medical Xpress (PhysOrg.com)
added Oct 18, 2016 19:03
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Exposure of Human Lung Cells to Tobacco Smoke Condensate Inhibits the Nucleotide Excision Repair Pathway [FREE FULL TEXT]

our findings indicate that inhibition of NER is another mechanism by which smoking may contribute to development of lung cancer. Therefore, it may be prudent to consider measuring individual DNA repair capacity as a means of evaluating lung cancer risk, p
PLoS (Public Library of Science)
added Oct 17, 2016 19:02
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Study finds a new way that tobacco smoke can cause cancer

illuminates a new way that tobacco smoke may promote the development of lung cancer: inhibiting a DNA repair process called nucleotide excision repair (NER)... Many components of tobacco smoke are carcinogens that can damage DNA. This damage must be remov
Medical Xpress (PhysOrg.com)
added Oct 17, 2016 19:01
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[Ireland] Passive smoking in youth can increase lung cancer risk

Non-smokers who were exposed to passive smoking in early life are at an increased risk of getting lung cancer, but only if they have genetic factors, a conference on cancer has been told. This risk was also associated with an earlier onset of the diseas
Irish Times (ie)
added Oct 17, 2016 18:19
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[UK] All these men and women are 55. But, after taking a revolutionary new test, some are ageing faster than others. So would YOU dare find out your body's REAL AGE?

The new test analyses the individual’s glycan patterns, identifying the age to which they correspond. Glycan changes show the effect of genes and lifestyle on your body. Lifestyle factors linked to glycan ageing include smoking, obesity, lack of exercis
The Daily Mail and Mail on Sunday (uk)
added Oct 11, 2016 14:26
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Men who smoke are THREE times more likely to have children with asthma

It is believed male sperm cells are damaged by nicotine, affecting a child's genes. The study of 24,000 children found boys having their first cigarette before the age of 15 put offspring at particular risk.
The Daily Mail and Mail on Sunday (uk)
added Oct 3, 2016 15:41
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